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 天才英语学习网 > 英语学习书籍 > 实用英语语法 > 正文

动名词

(生词可双击或拖选划词翻译)

  6.1 动名词作主语、宾语和表语

  1)作主语
   Fighting broke out between the South and the North.
   南方与北方开战了。

  2)作宾语

  a. 动词后加动名词doing作宾语 V. + doing sth
   admit 承认 appreciate 感激,赞赏 avoid 避免
   complete 完成 consider 认为 delay 耽误 deny 否认 detest 讨厌 endure 忍受 enjoy 喜欢 escape 逃脱 prevent阻止
   fancy 想象 finish 完成 imagine 想象 mind 介意 miss 想念 postpone 推迟 practise 训练 recall 回忆 resent 讨厌 resist 抵抗 resume 继续 risk 冒险
   suggest 建议 face 面对 include 包括 stand 忍受 understand 理解 forgive 宽恕 keep 继续

  举例:
   (1) Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?
   (2) The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught.

  b. 词组后接doing
   admit to prefer…to be used to lead to devote oneself to object to stick to busy look forward to(to为介词)

  no good, no use, It‘s worth…,  as well as,
   can’t help, It‘s no use /good  be tired of
   be fond of  be capable of  be afraid of
   be proud of  think of / about  hold off
   put off  keep on  insist on  count on / upon
   set about  be successful in  good at  take up
   give up  burst out  prevent … from…

  3)作表语
   Her job is washing,cleaning and taking care of the children.

  6.2 worth 的用法

  worth,worthy,worth-while都为adj. 意为“值得”。

  1. worth: be worth + n.  当名词为金钱时,表示“…… 值得……”
   be worth doing sth. “……某事值得被做”
   The question is not worth discussing again and again.

  2. worthy:be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示“……值得……”
   be worthy to be done “某事值得被做”
   The question is not worthy to be discussed againand again.

  3. worth-while: be worth-while to do sth  “值得做某事”
   worth while: It is worth while doing sth
   It is worth while sb to do sth.

  典型例题
   It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again.
   A.worth B.worthy C.worth-while D.worth while
   答案C. 由worth的用法可知,此句只适合词组be worth-while to do sth.。因此选C。

 

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相关文章:

 情态动词
 连词
 状语从句
 定语从句
 名词性从句
 虚拟语气
 主谓一致
 倒装
 句子的种类
 动词的语态


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