Four How much did this painting cost?
A Many Americans love adventures. They are often interestedexploring other cultures when they havechance to. When they return from their vacations, they usually bring back souvenirs from their travels.
B Americans are often very affectionate people whencomesfamilyclose friends. They often exchange hugskisses with those who are very closethem.
C Another aspectAmerican culturethe tendencysay “I love you”those they are particularly close to. Men usually don’t say thatanother man.
D Very rarely would one American ask another what their income is. Such things are considered private. So, itnot unusual thatfamily member would not know how much money another one earns.
2 Sample Sentences
. hope things turn outthe best.
2. He likesindependencedoes not wantbeburden.
3. I’m lookingsomeonecan govacation with.
4. Atharbor festivals, you gettaste that group's foods, hear their music,buy traditional things from their country.
5. If he wantslive by himself, why don't you see if you can arrange fornursevisit him every week?
6. Within five years,hope I’ll have seen morethe world.
7.should have thought more about my finances beforetook such an expensive trip.
8. It usually doesn’t embarrass me very much when someone criticizes mefrontother people.
9. really enjoyedadventureshadChina these five years.
0. Something I’d feel comfortable aboutliving alone.
. An innocent hug. Atparty.
Hans: Dianasuchwarm, friendly person. always love seeing her.
Werner: Me, too. She smiles so easily, andlikeway she hugs people when she greets them.
Elsa: Well,don't. Backmy village,girl doesn't hugboy unless she's seriously dating him.
Hans: Are you jealous because she's so popular? Perhaps you don’t understand her culture.
Elsa: I'm friendly,lotspeople like me. listenmy friends, andcare about them. just don't want boysgetwrong idea.
Werner: How can you getwrong idea about something as innocent2 ashug? It'sfriendly waygreet people. like it. You should try it.
Elsa: Well,don't think it's right.
2. How much do you make?
A Chinese businessmanvisitinggovernment trade officialWashington, D.C.,nation's capital.
Wong: Thank youshowing me your offices, Mr. Becker. can see why Washington bureaucrats3 enjoy their jobs.
Becker: Why do you say that?
Wong: The citybeautiful,off ...,offices are moderncomfortable,the workso interesting.
Becker: Many people workthe federal4 government their entire adult lives. Government service can berewardingsecure career.
Wong: Do you mean financially rewarding?
Becker: Well, many positions pay salaries that are comparable to5 thoseprivate industries.
Wong: I've always thought that most bureaucrats are lazy.
Becker: Sometimes that's true, but not usually. Most feds are honest, hard-working professionals. It’s hardkeep highly trained people, sopayworking conditions havebe attractive.
Wong: How much do you make?
Becker: I'mGS-5. That's highthe scaleworkers, but evenGS-paidliving wage.
Often, government workers are paid accordinga salary scale. Their salaries increase with yearsservice, education, or promotion. A new employee might be“G-”,an older employee might be“G-3”.
——我GS-5。在员工当中，算高，但连GS – 人，起码生活薪水还。
Cindy,Chinese girl,visiting an American woman’s apartment with other two foreigners.
Bruce: Hey, look at these paintingsthe wall! Aren’t they beautiful? Linda bought some good paintings.
Gilbert: Yeah, very impressive6. Oh, this one’s marvelous!
Cindy: Sure, they’re very colorful.
Linda: Thank you. You are very generous with your compliments7.
Bruce: You knowfirst thing most Chinese students would ask“how much did this painting cost?”
Gilbert: Right. I’ve noticed that too. They always ask that question before they say anything else.
Cindy: That’s true. Most Chinese do that. don’t know why. It’s justhabit. I’ve noticed that foreigners often make compliments soon after they seeproduct someone has bought - even if they don’t really mean it.
Bruce: Yeah, we’re just different. We can’t figure out why many Chinese people don’t give big hugstheir own parents after they grow up.
Cindy: No, we don’t do that. At least very few peopleknow do that.
Gilbert: And as far asknow, it’s not common forChinesesay, “I love you”anyone includingor her soul mate8.
Linda: Cindy, please don’t misunderstand. We’re not saying that one waybetter than another. They’re just different, that’s all.
Cindy: know. Americans say those three wordslot, especiallymovies. wonder if they really mean it.
Gilbert: We do, mostthe time. Sometimes we tell our loved ones that we’re proudthem too. Words are important.
. jealous 妒忌, 吃醋
2. innocent 无罪,清白
3. bureaucrat 官僚;官僚主义者
4. federal 美国联邦政府,国家
6. impressive 予人深刻印象;感人
7. compliment 赞美话;恭维;敬意
8. soul mate 性情相投人,情人