First listen and then answer the following question. 听录音，然后回答以下问题。
What was the main objective of early mountain climbers?
Modern alpinists tryclimb mountains by a route which will give them good sport, and the more difficult it is, the more highly itregarded. In the pioneering days, however, this was not the case at all. The early climbers were looking for the easiest waythe top, because the summit was the prize they sought, especially if it and never been attained before. Ittrue that during their explorations they often faced difficulties and dangers of the most perilous nature, equipped in a manner with would make a modern climber shudder at the thought, but they did not go out of their waycourt such excitement. They had a single aim, a solitary goal -- the top! Ithard for usrealize nowadays how difficult it was for the pioneers. Except for one or two places such as Zermatt and Chamonix, which had rapidly become popular, Alpine village tendedbe impoverished settlements cut off from civilization by the high mountains. Such inns as there were generally dirty and flea-ridden; the food simply local cheese accompanied by bread often twelve months old, all washed down with coarse wine. Often a valley boasted no inn at all, and climbers found shelter wherever they could -- sometimes with the local priest (who was usually as poor as his parishioners), sometimes with shepherds or cheese-makers. Invariably the background was the same: dirt and poverty, and very uncomfortable. For men accustomedeating seven-course dinners and sleeping between fine linen sheets at home, the changethe Alps must have very hard indeed. WALTER UNSWORTH Matterhorn Man
New words and expressions 生词和短语
Matterhorn n. 马特霍恩峰（阿尔卑斯山之一，在意大利和瑞士边境） alpinist n. 登山运动员 pioneer v. 开辟，倡导； n. 先锋，开辟者 summit n. 顶峰 attain v. 到达 perilous adj. 危险的 shudder v. 不寒而栗 court v. 追求 solitary adj. 唯一的 impoverish v. 使贫困 Alpine adj. 阿尔卑斯山的 flea-ridden adj. 布满跳蚤的 coarse adj. 粗劣的 boast v. 自恃有 parishioner n. 教区居民 shepherd n. 牧羊人 linen n. 亚麻布床单 the Alps n. 阿尔卑斯山脉