cabinet [a groupministers that helps leadgovernment] The President meets every week withcabinet.
call [()givename; (2)askor request] I call myself John. () They calledan endthe fighting. (2)
calm [() quiet; (2) peaceful; (3) oppositetense] The calm crowd waitedthe presidentspeak. The city was calm after two daysrioting. Can you remain calma tense situation? (3)
camera [a devicetaking pictures] Your camera takes very good pictures.
camp [a place with temporary housing] The refugee camp provides temporary shelter, foodmedical care.
campaign [()competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from voters; (2)connected seriesmilitary actions duringwar] Presidential campaigns are much too longcost too much. () The Allied campaigns wonwarEuropeAsia. (2)
can [()be able to; (2)haveright to; (3)container usedhold liquid or food, usually mademetal] The two sides can meetTuesday. () I can live anywherewishthis country because thatmy right. (2) I bought three cansvegetables atfood store. (3)
cancel [()end; (2)stop] Who cancelledagreement? () Mary cancelled her planshaveparty next week. (2)
cancer [a diseasewhich dangerous cells grow quicklydestroy partsthe body] Scientists continuefind better waystreat many kindscancer.
candidate [a person who seeks ornominatedan office or an honor] Each political party has nominatedcandidatepresident.
capital [()official centera government; (2)city wherecountry's government is] The capitalthe governmentin Washington. () Washingtonthe capitalthe United States. (2)
capitalism [an economic systemwhichproductionmost goodsservicesownedoperatedprofit by private citizens or companies] InUnited States, capitalism has producedworld's strongest economy.
capture [()makeperson or animalprisoner; (2)seize or take by force; (3)get control of] Police capturedterrorist before he could explodebomb. () Rebel forces capturedcity. (2) Democrats wonelectioncaptured controlCongress. (3)
car [()vehicle with wheels usedcarry people; (2) an automobile; (3)parta train] Electric street cars were replaced with buses many years ago. () Fred'sMartha's new car will carry six people. (2) That train has 57 flat cars2 box cars. (3)
care [()like; (2)protect; (3)feel worry or interest] Jim told Laura that he caredherwould likesee her again. () His mother told himtake carehis younger brother. (2) Would you care ifborrowed your car? (3)
careful [() acting safely; (2) with much thought] Please be careful when you drive. () He was carefulchoose exactlyright words. (2)
carry [to take something or someone from one placeanother] Would you carry this bagme, please?
case (court) [a legal action] The judge will call your case next.
case (medical) [an incidentdisease] There was only one casechicken pox atschool.
cat [a small animal that often lives with humans] My cat climbed that tree andafraidcome down.
catch [()seize afterchase; (2)stopseize withhands] He runs so fast that no one can catch him. () Catchballthrowbackme. (2)
cause [()make happen; (2)thing or person that producesresult] Too much rain causedflood. () The causethe flood was too much rain. (2)
ceasefire [a haltfighting, usually by agreement] The ceasefire stoppedfighting.
celebrate [to honorperson or event with special activities] I think we should havepartycelebrate your birthday.
center [()middlesomething; (2)placethe middle; (3)place thatthe main pointan activity] There washolethe centerthe target. () The chair sat atcenterthe room. (2) The experts checkednuclear centerradiation leaks. (3)
century [one hundred years] Thisthe first yearthe 2st century.
ceremony [an act or seriesacts donea special way established by tradition] The new president tookoathoffice atinaugural ceremonyfrontthe capitol.
chairman [a person leadingmeeting or an organized group] The party chairman ledmeeting.
champion [()best; (2)winner] Johna champion swimmer. () The New York Yankees werechampionsprofessional baseballthe first yearthe new century. (2)
chance [a possibilitywinning or losing or that something will happen] We havegood chancegetting home before dark.
change [()make different; (2)become different] Will you change your decision? () His voice changed last year. (2)
charge [()accuse someonesomething, usuallycrime; (2)statementwhich someoneaccusedsomething] She was charged with stealingcar. () The charge was false. (2)
chase [to run or go after someone or something] The dog chasedcat aroundhouse.
cheat [()get bytrick; (2)steal from] He cheatedthe history examination. () The dishonest lawyer became rich by cheatingpeople that he represented. (2)
cheer [to shout approval or praise] The crowd cheered every time their team scored.
chemicals [() elements foundnature or made by people; (2) substances usedthe sciencechemistry] Oxygenhydrogen arechemicals that form water. () Do you readlistchemicals listedthe foods you eat? (2)
chemistry [the scientific studysubstances, what they are made of, how they act under different conditions,how they form other substances] How many years did you study chemistry?
chief [()head or leadera group; (2) leading; (3) most important] Mr. Thompsonthe new chiefour tax office. () The chief causelung cancersmoking. (2) The chief reason he gotjob wasexperience with tax issues. (3)
child [()baby; (2)boy or girl] The child was born withdisease. () Every child, boy or girl, should have an equal chancesucceed. (2)
children [more than one child] Sixty children were chosengoa campthe mountains.
choose [to decide between two or more] You may choose one meatthree vegetables fromlunch list.
circle [a closed shape that has all its points equally distant fromcenter, like an "O"] The settlers put their wagonsa circledefend againstattack.
citizen [a person whoa membera country by birth or by law] Every citizenexpectedvote.
city [any important large town] I liveda small town aschild, but nowlivea city.
civilian [not military] Many civilians were killedthe attackthe town.
civil rights [the political, economicsocial rights given equallyall peoplea nation] The law protectscivil rightsall citizens.
claim [to say something asfact] He claimed thatopponent lied aboutactivities asstudent leader.
clash [()battle; (2)fight or oppose] Ten protesters were injuredthe clash with police. () Angry farmers blocked roadsclashed with soldiers. (2)
clean [()make pure; (2) free from dirt or harmful substances] Please clean your room. () Too many people aroundworld do not have clean waterdrink. (2)
clear [() easysee or see through; (2) easily understood] Clear waternot always safedrink. () He wondebate becausearguments were clearalmost everyone. (2)
concern [() interest, worry; (2)fear] The president expressed concern aboutcontinuing violence. () He said heespecially concerned thatfighting will spreadother countries. (2)
condemn [to sayperson or actionwrong or bad] The senators condemnedmanrefusinganswer their questions.
condition [() something declared necessarycomplete an agreement; (2)person's health] The conditionshis resignation includedten million dollar payment. () The doctor saidexamination showed that Gary wasexcellent condition. (2)
conference [a meeting] I seemedspend my days going from one conferenceanother.
confirm [()approve; (2)say that somethingtrue] The senate confirmedappointmentthe new Agriculture Secretary. () The candidate confirmedreport that he was endingcampaign. (2)
conflict [()fight; (2)battle, especiallylong one] We hadconflict about politics. () The long conflict finally ended withceasefire, notpeace treaty. (2)
congratulate [to praiseperson orexpress pleasuresuccess or good luck] I congratulate yougettinghighest scorethe history test.
Congress [()organizationpeople electedmakelawsthe United States (the HouseRepresentativesthe Senate); (2)similar organizationother countries] The President's party did not win controleither houseCongress. () Five membersMexico's Congress areWashingtondiscuss trade issues. (2)
connect [()join one thinganother; (2)unite; (3)link] If you connect this wirethe red one,green light will turn on. () The two streams connectformriver that flows through Greenlow City. (2) The policeman saidtwo crimes are connected. (3)
conservative [one who usually supports traditionopposes great change] Williama conservative about social issues.
consider [()give thought to; (2)think about carefully] Jackconsidering whatgive Amyher birthday. () The headmy office said he would consider my ideas formore effective sales campaign. (2)
constitution [the written general lawsideas that formnation's systemgovernment] How dolaws providemaking changesthe constitution?
contain [()hold; (2)include] The bottle contains one quartmilk. () ＊one liquid quart = 0.9463 liter（米） The paintthat old house containsdangerous amountlead. (2)
container [a box, bottle or can usedhold something] More juicesoldplastic containers thanglass bottles.
continent [anythe seven great land areasthe world] Did you know that long ago allcontinents were joined together?
continue [to godoing or being] The governor said he would continuefightjustice.
control [()direct; (2)have power over] Who controlsdaily workthe company. () The chairmanthe transportation committee controls allspendingtransportation projects. (2)
convention [a large meeting forspecial purpose] Political parties hold conventionschoose presidentialvice presidential candidates.
cook [to heat food before eating it] Helen will cook spaghetti with meat sauce tonight.
cool [almost cold] My coffeecool. Would you warmfor me, please?
cooperate [to act or work together] If we cooperatethis work, we will finish more quickly.
copy [()make something exactly like another; (2) something madelook exactly like another] Joseph can copy that documentus. () This copyso badcannot read it. (2)
corn [a food grain] Scientists are worried because genetically-changed corn got into food suppliespeople.
correct [() true; (2) free from mistakes; (3)changewhatright] Thatthe correct datethe election. () That sales agreementcorrect. (2) Did you correct that script? (3)
cost [()price or valuesomething; (2)be valued at] The costthe bookfive dollars. () The book costs five dollars. (2)
cotton [a material made fromplantthe same name] Most clothes are madecotton.
count [to speak or add numbers] Her child learnedcount by watching Sesame Streettelevision.
country [()nation; (2)territorya nation; (3) land away from cities] Englishonethe languageshis country. () Muchthe countrythe Westdesert. (2) My family hadfarmhousethe country, not too far fromcity. (3)
court [() where trials take place; (2) where judges make decisions about law] We havegive evidencecourt today. () The appeals courtconsidering mistakes madehis trial. (2)
cover [()put something overperson or thing; (2) anything thatput overperson or thing] Please coverfood left from dinner. () Put your namethe front coveryour book. (2)
cow [a farm animal usedits milk] He must pumpmilk fromcows every morningevening.
crash [()fall violently; (2)hit with great force] The airplane crashed intomountain. () The two cars crashed into each other. (2)
create [()to make; (2)give life or form to] She createdbeautiful poem. () The DeclarationIndependence says all men are created equal. (2)
creature [() any living being; (2) any animal or human] A microscope can showgreat many living creaturesa dropwater. () People are learning howlive peacefully with other creatures. (2)
credit [an agreement that payments will be made atlater time] With this cardcan use creditbuy things todaypaythem next month.
crew [a grouppeople working together] Ten membersthe ship's crew were injured byexplosion.
crime [an act that violateslaw] Tellingliethe courta crime.
criminal [a person whoresponsible forcrime] The organization triesfind jobscriminals released from prison.
crisis [() an extremely important time when something may become much better or worse; (2)dangerous situation] Duringmiddle age crisis, people often make changestheir life. () The Cuban missile crisisthe 960s almost causednuclear war. (2)
criticize [()say whatwrong with something or someone; (2)condemn; (3)judge] His teacher criticized himnot completingreport. () The judge criticizedmanhis evil actssentenced himspend twenty yearsprison. (2) Her editor asked hercriticizenew book about ancient Egypt. (3)
crops [plants that are growngatheredfood, such as grains, fruitsvegetables] The major cropsthis area are cornsoybeans.
cross [()go from one sideanother; (2)go across] The mother holds her child's hand when they crossstreet. () This ship crossesoceanfive days. (2)
crowd [a large numberpeople gatheredone place] A large crowd gatheredwatchshow.
crush [()damage or destroy by great weight; (2)to defeat completely] The falling tree crushedhouse. () The T.C. Williams High School football team crushed every teamplayed that year. (2)
cry [to express or show sorrow or pain] The thoughtnever seeing her again made him cry.
culture [allbeliefs, traditionsartsa group or population] Her Western culturemy Eastern culture made our lives exciting.
cure [()improve health; (2)make well; (3) something that makessick person well] Living more simplyeating plain food cured mosther health problems. () The doctor can curedisease. (2) Antibiotics arecureinfection. (3)
curfew [an orderpeoplestay offstreets orclose their businesses] The streets were empty every night afterten o'clock curfew.
current [() movementair, water or electricity; (2) belongingthe present] The current slows downthis wide partthe river. () She foundreporta current publication. (2)
custom [a long-established belief or activitya people] Itour customgochurchSunday mornings.
customs [taxesimports] I likebuy itemsthe custom-free store because there are no taxespaythe purchase.
cut [()divide or injure withsharp tool; (2)make less; (3)reduce] She cut her finger while usingbread knife. () The labor strike cutcompany's production by 60 percent. (2) Congress cut foreign aid spending. (3)